**Part 1: Introduce**

**Definition**

The **MODE** function in Excel calculates the mode of a set of numbers. The way is the value that appears most frequently in a data set.

**Purpose**

The MODE function aims to identify the most common value in a dataset, which can be helpful in various statistical analyses and business applications.

**Syntax & Arguments**

`=MODE(number1, [number2], ...) `

**number1**: Required. The first number, cell reference, or range for which you want to find the mode.**number2, …**: Optional. Additional numbers, cell references, or ranges up to 254.

**Explain the Arguments in the Function**

**number1, number2, …**: These are the numbers for which you want to find the mode. You can specify individual numbers, cell references, or ranges.

**Return Value**

The **MODE** function returns the mode of the given numbers.

**Remarks**

- The MODE function returns the most miniature mode if there are multiple modes.
- If no way is found, the function returns an
`#N/A`

error.

**Part 2: Examples**

**Example 1**

**Purpose of Example**: Find the most common sales figure among three products.**Data Tables and Formulas**:A B C 1 **Product****Sales****Mode**2 A 100 3 B 100 4 C 200 =MODE(B2:B4) 100 **Explanation**: The mode of the sales figures is 100, as it appears most frequently in the data.

**Example 2**

**Purpose of Example**: To find the most common age among employees in a department.**Data Tables and Formulas**:A B C 1 **Employee****Age****Mode**2 John 30 3 Sarah 30 4 Mike 25 =MODE(B2:B4) 30 **Explanation**: The mode age is 30, the most common age among employees.

**Example 3**

**Purpose of Example**: To find the most common rating for a product.**Data Tables and Formulas**:A B C 1 **Customer****Rating****Mode**2 Alice 4 3 Bob 5 4 Charlie 4 =MODE(B2:B4) 4 **Explanation**: The mode of the ratings is 4, as it’s the most common rating given by customers.

**Example 4**

**Purpose of Example**: Find the most common temperature reading in a week.**Data Tables and Formulas**:A B C 1 **Day****Temperature****Mode**2 Mon 72 3 Tue 72 4 Wed 68 =MODE(B2:B4) 72 **Explanation**: The mode of the temperatures is 72, as it’s the most common temperature reading during the week.

**Example 5**

**Purpose of Example**: To find the most common price among different products.**Data Tables and Formulas**:A B C 1 **Product****Price****Mode**2 P1 $20 3 P2 $30 4 P3 $20 =MODE(B2:B4) $20 **Explanation**: The mode of the prices is $20, as it’s the most common price among the products.

**Example 6: Using MODE with IF**

**Purpose of Example**: To find the most common salary among employees in a specific department.**Data Tables and Formulas**:A B C D 1 **Employee****Salary****Department****Mode**2 John $40,000 HR 3 Sarah $55,000 Sales 4 Mike $40,000 HR 5 =MODE(IF(C2:C4=”HR”,B2:B4)) $40,000 **Explanation**: This example calculates the mode of the salaries for the HR department. Using the**IF**function within**MODE**, we can filter the wages based on the department. The most common salary for the HR department is $40,000.

**Example 7: Using MODE with SUM**

**Purpose of Example**: To find the most common total sales for three products over three months.**Data Tables and Formulas**:A B C D E 1 **Product****Jan****Feb****Mar****Mode**2 A 100 100 200 3 B 100 200 200 4 C 200 200 200 5 =MODE(SUM(B2:D2), SUM(B3:D3), SUM(B4:D4)) 600 **Explanation**: This example calculates the mode of the total sales for three products over three months. Using the**SUM**function within**MODE**, we can sum the sales for each product and then find the most common total sales value. The most common total sales value is 600.

**Example 8: Using MODE with VLOOKUP**

**Purpose of Example**: To find the most common price for a specific category of products.**Data Tables and Formulas**:A B C D 1 **Product****Price****Category****Mode**2 P1 $10 A 3 P2 $20 B 4 P3 $10 A 5 P4 $20 B 6 =MODE(VLOOKUP(“A”, A2:C5, 2, FALSE), VLOOKUP(“B”, A2:C5, 2, FALSE)) $10 **Explanation**: This example calculates the mode of the prices for products in categories A and B. By using the**VLOOKUP**function within**MODE**, we can find the price for each type and then calculate the most common price. The most common price for these categories is $10.

**Example 9: Using MODE with AVERAGE**

**Purpose of Example**: To find students’ most common average score in three subjects.**Data Tables and Formulas**:A B C D E 1 **Student****Math****Sci****Eng****Mode**2 Alice 80 70 60 3 Bob 70 70 60 4 Charlie 60 70 60 5 =MODE(AVERAGE(B2:D2), AVERAGE(B3:D3), AVERAGE(B4:D4)) 70 **Explanation**: This example calculates the mode of the average scores for three students across three subjects. Using the**AVERAGE**function within**MODE**, we can find the average score for each student and then calculate the most common average score. The most common average score is 70.

**Example 10: Using MODE with MAX**

**Purpose of Example**: To find three cities’ most common maximum temperatures.**Data Tables and Formulas**:A B C D E 1 **City****Jan****Feb****Mar****Mode**2 City A 30 32 28 3 City B 28 32 29 4 City C 29 32 30 5 =MODE(MAX(B2:D2), MAX(B3:D3), MAX(B4:D4)) 32 **Explanation**: This example calculates the mode of the maximum temperatures for three cities over three months. Using the**MAX**function within**MODE**, we can find the maximum temperature for each city and then calculate the most common maximum temperature. The most common maximum temperature is 32.

**Example 11: Using MODE with MIN**

**Purpose of Example**: To find three products’ most common minimum sales.**Data Tables and Formulas**:A B C D E 1 **Product****Jan****Feb****Mar****Mode**2 A 100 100 200 3 B 100 200 200 4 C 200 200 200 5 =MODE(MIN(B2:D2), MIN(B3:D3), MIN(B4:D4)) 100 **Explanation**: This example calculates the mode of the minimum sales for three products over three months. Using the**MIN**function within**MODE**, we can find the minimum deals for each product and then calculate the most common minimum sales value. The most common minimum sales value is 100.

**Example 12: Using MODE with COUNT**

**Purpose of Example**: Find the most common sales count above a certain threshold for three products.**Data Tables and Formulas**:A B C D E 1 **Product****Jan****Feb****Mar****Mode**2 A 100 200 300 3 B 200 300 400 4 C 300 400 500 5 =MODE(COUNTIF(B2:D2,”>200″), COUNTIF(B3:D3,”>200″), COUNTIF(B4:D4,”>200″)) 3 **Explanation**: This example calculates the mode of sales count above 200 for three products over three months. Using the**COUNTIF**function within**MODE**, we can estimate the sales above the threshold for each product and then calculate the most common count. The most common count is 3.

**Part 3: Tips and Tricks**

**Use Named Ranges**: You can use named ranges in the MODE function for better readability.**Handle Errors**: If you expect that there might be no mode in your data, you can use the**IFERROR**function to handle the`#N/A`

error.**Combine with Other Functions**: You can nest the**MODE**function with other functions like**IF**to find the mode based on certain conditions.**Consider Using MODE.MULT**: If you want to find all modes in a data set, consider using the**MODE.MULT**function.