# MODE Function in Excel

### Part 1: Introduce

#### Definition

The MODE function in Excel calculates the mode of a set of numbers. The way is the value that appears most frequently in a data set.

#### Purpose

The MODE function aims to identify the most common value in a dataset, which can be helpful in various statistical analyses and business applications.

#### Syntax & Arguments

syntax
`=MODE(number1, [number2], ...) `
• number1: Required. The first number, cell reference, or range for which you want to find the mode.
• number2, …: Optional. Additional numbers, cell references, or ranges up to 254.

#### Explain the Arguments in the Function

• number1, number2, …: These are the numbers for which you want to find the mode. You can specify individual numbers, cell references, or ranges.

#### Return Value

The MODE function returns the mode of the given numbers.

#### Remarks

• The MODE function returns the most miniature mode if there are multiple modes.
• If no way is found, the function returns an `#N/A` error.

### Part 2: Examples

#### Example 1

• Purpose of Example: Find the most common sales figure among three products.

• Data Tables and Formulas:

ABC
1ProductSalesMode
2A100
3B100
4C200=MODE(B2:B4)
100
• Explanation: The mode of the sales figures is 100, as it appears most frequently in the data.

#### Example 2

• Purpose of Example: To find the most common age among employees in a department.

• Data Tables and Formulas:

ABC
1EmployeeAgeMode
2John30
3Sarah30
4Mike25=MODE(B2:B4)
30
• Explanation: The mode age is 30, the most common age among employees.

#### Example 3

• Purpose of Example: To find the most common rating for a product.

• Data Tables and Formulas:

ABC
1CustomerRatingMode
2Alice4
3Bob5
4Charlie4=MODE(B2:B4)
4
• Explanation: The mode of the ratings is 4, as it’s the most common rating given by customers.

#### Example 4

• Purpose of Example: Find the most common temperature reading in a week.

• Data Tables and Formulas:

ABC
1DayTemperatureMode
2Mon72
3Tue72
4Wed68=MODE(B2:B4)
72
• Explanation: The mode of the temperatures is 72, as it’s the most common temperature reading during the week.

#### Example 5

• Purpose of Example: To find the most common price among different products.

• Data Tables and Formulas:

ABC
1ProductPriceMode
2P1\$20
3P2\$30
4P3\$20=MODE(B2:B4)
\$20
• Explanation: The mode of the prices is \$20, as it’s the most common price among the products.

#### Example 6: Using MODE with IF

• Purpose of Example: To find the most common salary among employees in a specific department.

• Data Tables and Formulas:

ABCD
1EmployeeSalaryDepartmentMode
2John\$40,000HR
3Sarah\$55,000Sales
4Mike\$40,000HR
5=MODE(IF(C2:C4=”HR”,B2:B4))
\$40,000
• Explanation: This example calculates the mode of the salaries for the HR department. Using the IF function within MODE, we can filter the wages based on the department. The most common salary for the HR department is \$40,000.

#### Example 7: Using MODE with SUM

• Purpose of Example: To find the most common total sales for three products over three months.

• Data Tables and Formulas:

ABCDE
1ProductJanFebMarMode
2A100100200
3B100200200
4C200200200
5=MODE(SUM(B2:D2), SUM(B3:D3), SUM(B4:D4))
600
• Explanation: This example calculates the mode of the total sales for three products over three months. Using the SUM function within MODE, we can sum the sales for each product and then find the most common total sales value. The most common total sales value is 600.

#### Example 8: Using MODE with VLOOKUP

• Purpose of Example: To find the most common price for a specific category of products.

• Data Tables and Formulas:

ABCD
1ProductPriceCategoryMode
2P1\$10A
3P2\$20B
4P3\$10A
5P4\$20B
6=MODE(VLOOKUP(“A”, A2:C5, 2, FALSE), VLOOKUP(“B”, A2:C5, 2, FALSE))
\$10
• Explanation: This example calculates the mode of the prices for products in categories A and B. By using the VLOOKUP function within MODE, we can find the price for each type and then calculate the most common price. The most common price for these categories is \$10.

#### Example 9: Using MODE with AVERAGE

• Purpose of Example: To find students’ most common average score in three subjects.

• Data Tables and Formulas:

ABCDE
1StudentMathSciEngMode
2Alice807060
3Bob707060
4Charlie607060
5=MODE(AVERAGE(B2:D2), AVERAGE(B3:D3), AVERAGE(B4:D4))
70
• Explanation: This example calculates the mode of the average scores for three students across three subjects. Using the AVERAGE function within MODE, we can find the average score for each student and then calculate the most common average score. The most common average score is 70.

#### Example 10: Using MODE with MAX

• Purpose of Example: To find three cities’ most common maximum temperatures.

• Data Tables and Formulas:

ABCDE
1CityJanFebMarMode
2City A303228
3City B283229
4City C293230
5=MODE(MAX(B2:D2), MAX(B3:D3), MAX(B4:D4))
32
• Explanation: This example calculates the mode of the maximum temperatures for three cities over three months. Using the MAX function within MODE, we can find the maximum temperature for each city and then calculate the most common maximum temperature. The most common maximum temperature is 32.

#### Example 11: Using MODE with MIN

• Purpose of Example: To find three products’ most common minimum sales.

• Data Tables and Formulas:

ABCDE
1ProductJanFebMarMode
2A100100200
3B100200200
4C200200200
5=MODE(MIN(B2:D2), MIN(B3:D3), MIN(B4:D4))
100
• Explanation: This example calculates the mode of the minimum sales for three products over three months. Using the MIN function within MODE, we can find the minimum deals for each product and then calculate the most common minimum sales value. The most common minimum sales value is 100.

#### Example 12: Using MODE with COUNT

• Purpose of Example: Find the most common sales count above a certain threshold for three products.

• Data Tables and Formulas:

ABCDE
1ProductJanFebMarMode
2A100200300
3B200300400
4C300400500
5=MODE(COUNTIF(B2:D2,”>200″), COUNTIF(B3:D3,”>200″), COUNTIF(B4:D4,”>200″))
3
• Explanation: This example calculates the mode of sales count above 200 for three products over three months. Using the COUNTIF function within MODE, we can estimate the sales above the threshold for each product and then calculate the most common count. The most common count is 3.

### Part 3: Tips and Tricks

1. Use Named Ranges: You can use named ranges in the MODE function for better readability.
2. Handle Errors: If you expect that there might be no mode in your data, you can use the IFERROR function to handle the `#N/A` error.
3. Combine with Other Functions: You can nest the MODE function with other functions like IF to find the mode based on certain conditions.
4. Consider Using MODE.MULT: If you want to find all modes in a data set, consider using the MODE.MULT function.